Tips for Growing Papaya
Days to Germinate 10-24
Germination Temperature 20-29 °C
Sowing Depth Sow the seeds in raised beds whose surface is well pulverized and heavily manured with decayed farmyard manure or compost, 1-2 cm deep and 2-3 cm apart within rows spaced at 15 cm.
Sowing Method Transplant recommended when the seedlings are between 15 to 25 cm tall
Sowing Media Very well-drained or sandy loam soil with adequate organic matter
Sun Prefers full sun
Notes Very intolerant of water-logging. In high rainfall area provision for quick drainage of excess water must be made. If the plant roots are continuously submerged in water for more than 2 days the plants may die. The growing field should be kept moderatly humid as soil moisture is necessary for the growth of papaya plants. However, dry climate at the time of fruit ripening is good for improved fruit quality. Papaya does not like strong winds and extreme temperatures. It is, therefore, recommended to grow papaya plants in sheltered spaces that receive full sunshine. The plants need protection from strong winds. Staking or growing windbreaks can provide effective support and protection. Minimum 10% hermaphrodite plants are required for pollination. The plant needs continual fertilization once it reaches maturity to bear fruits continually.